Globalization is the process of designing and developing an application that supports localized user interfaces and regional data for users in multiple cultures. In the .NET Framework, the CultureInfo class represents information about a specific culture. This information includes the writing system, calendars in use, date and time formatting conventions, numeric and currency conventions, and sorting rules.


The System.Globalization namespace contains classes that define culture-related information, including

*      Language

*      Country/region

*      Calendars in use,

*      Format patterns for dates,

*      Currency, and numbers,

*      And the sort order for strings.

Use these classes to simplify the process of developing a world-ready application. By passing a CultureInfo object representing the current culture to methods in this namespace, you can initiate the correct set of rules and data for the current user’s culture.

Web site globalization refers to enabling a web site to deal with non-English speaking visitors, i.e. internationalizing the site’s back-end software, designing a multi-lingual architecture, and localizing the site’s static or dynamic content.


What is the difference between globalization and localization?


  • Globalization is the process of making a product multi-lingual. All language-related aspects of the program are separated from the code, and all aspects, which vary with target country, are handled in a country-independent way.
  • Localization is the process of adapting a global product for a particular language and country. Localization includes translations and other conversion, and takes into account local practices and culture, providing a product, which is comfortable to use in the target country.
  • Translation is involved in most aspects of localization. Accuracy and appropriateness of translation are key to overall product quality.
  • Retrofitting is an informal term for localization of a product, which was not designed to be global. It is the first step taken by most companies entering the global marketplace.

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